Infection control and prevention are crucial in a hospital where hundreds of patients are admitted, it is the utmost duty of the hospital to safeguard the patients from any kind of infection because of pathogens attack and further infect patients there. All of us carry thousands of germs all the time, it becomes important to control and keep sanitizing the surrounding, surfaces, and hands around the patients.
Various measures are taken in order to maintain the hygiene of the hospital like
- Disposing of the used items immediately
- Disinfecting the equipment after each use
- Having dedicated staff to maintain the hygiene and sterilization [cleaning floors, emptying trash, changing the used or expired bottles, etc.]
- Operation theatre are fumigated thoroughly
- Patients not to be allowed to walk barefoot
Hand Hygiene in Compliance
Educating, instructing and monitoring everyone in hospital with hand hygiene, instructing them to use hand rubs as they kill 99.9% of harmful bacteria, fungus, viruses and deadly germs in 30 seconds present on trays, tables, handles, hands, etc. Cleaning and wiping everything with hand rubs are an effective way to keep the infection at bay.
Hand rubs come in different forms like gels, sprays, foams, wipes, etc and have alcohol-free and alcohol-based formulation, thus the efficiency of wipes to kill the germs is very effective. These wipes are pre-moistened enables keeping the hands soft and smooth, of course, clean and germ-free. Hand sanitizer or hand rubs are the best, the easy and cost-effective solution contains antimicrobial agents alcohol-based, effective in the removal of light debris.
Adopting methods to prevent infection
A proper implemented infection control policy results in the decline of deaths due to infection. It safeguards the patient as well the person in contact and reduces the risk of passing healthcare-associated infection. The best practice is identifying contagious infections like flu and C.diff ASAP. Keeping the infected patient in isolation in a sterilized area will prevent any kind of infection transmission with anyone coming in contact with the patient. Protective and source isolation has to be decided responsibly. Since hand touch is the most common source of transmission of pathogens invisibly present on hands, so hand hygiene becomes the number one factor that will influence the infection control.
When to sanitize your hands?
Doctors and staff should be very careful and always follow the 5 moments of hand hygiene which are as follows
- Sanitizing hands before touching a patient
- Hand Wash followed by hand rubs before a procedure
- Cleaning hands after a procedure or body fluid exposure
- Using hand rubs after touching a patient
- Clean hands with hand rubs after touching a patient’s surroundings.
Hand rubs come in small bottles making the usage easy, convenient and portable can be kept anywhere close to you. For commercial installing the hand rubs dispensers are also available, it’s a machine that dispenses the gel, foam or wipes can be kept at a central place where anyone can use it easily, thus maintaining the hygiene of the hospital. The hand rubs or wipes are pre-moistened so it keeps your hands soft after each use.
Nobody can contest the fact that contaminated hands are the real cause for the majority of infections like Salmonella, influenza, diarrhea, pneumonia, etc.
Alcohol-based hand rubs are the standard solutions to fight the infection and best practice for hand hygiene in healthcare settings, however, hand washing is important hands are visibly unclean.
- Significant reduction of bacteria present on hands
- Kills germs in less than 30 seconds
- Comes in portable shapes and bottles, easy to carry and use
- Since they dry out themselves not need of water
- Hand rubs do not cause any skin irritation or dryness as it contains moisturizers
- do not promote antimicrobial resistance
Why there is even a need for hand rubs?
- Lack of easy accessibility to sinks and water
- Hand washing causes dry, irritated hands
- Health care workers are always busy and there might not be enough time to wash hands every time.
Why alcohol-based hand rubs over alcohol-free in hospitals?
Alcohol-based hand rubs are excellent antimicrobial since it contains usually 70% of alcohol and alcohol is the fastest and the most effective mode of killing germs as compared to the alcohol-free hand rubs. Alcohol-based sanitizers reduce illnesses and infections among patients.
Let’s find the general ways germs spread
- Hands are the active carrier of the germs; germs spread to hand by sneeze, cough and are transferred to a person with weak immunity. Sanitizing hands can prevent spreading or the common cold, eye infection and influenza.
- Hands to food: Touching the food with unclean and contaminated hands can lead to passing the germs into your body and infecting all those who eat the food prepared with dirty hands.
- Food to hands to food: Raw foods or unclean, unwashed foods generally carry a lot of germs which are transferred to hands and then again are transferring to food while making salad or least cooked food.
- Wash your hands after petting animals or touching any unclean surfaces. Always keep your hands sanitized.
Concluding alcohol-based hand rubs are an ideal solution to maintain hygiene and infection in hospitals and other healthcare centers where sanitization is pretty essential.